In 1921, construction began on Ku Klux Klan Klavern No. 101’s

auditorium as a monument to hate and terror. Then—as well as now—members of targeted cultural groups needed to pass the building to access the North Side and surrounding areas when traveling to and from downtown Fort Worth.

The building was a daily reminder of power and politics; the looming edifice was yet another form of policing behavior, movement, culture, and proving again how architecture is capable of violence.



Ku Klux Klan Klavern No. 10 begins construction on sit (then known as 1006 N. Main Street) an auditorium with a seating capacity of 2000 people. The building was designed by Earl Glasgow and destroyed by fire when it was either bombed or suffered an electrical fire.


Ku Klux Klan Klavern No. 101

rebuilds the damaged building

with five tall windows on the

front facade and a scenery fly

loft in the rear for theatrical

performances, including racist,

sexist, and anti-immigrant

minstrel shows.


The building was sold to

Leonard Brothers Department

Store and was subsequently

used as a concert hall, a

wrestling arena, and a shelling

and packaging warehouse

space for Ellis Pecan Company.


The building was purchased

by Sugarplum Holdings, L.P.,

a group of private investors,

to be used as the rehearsal

studios for Texas Ballet Theatre.

Transform 1012 - Diagram Dipicting KKK H


What if, instead of destroying the building, we could transform this monument to hate into a beacon of truth-telling, reconciliation, and healing?

This building is a spatial manifestation of our national legacy of violence and racial terror. As the United States moves towards dismantling systems of oppression, this project is an opportunity to declare our collective agency in designing a just future for all.

Thanks for supporting our efforts!