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This building is a spatial manifestation of our national legacy of violence and racial terror. As the United States moves towards dismantling systems of oppression, this project is an opportunity to declare our collective agency in designing a just future for all.
In the map:
One of the last remaining purpose-built KKK buildings.
Transform 1012 - Diagram Dipicting KKK Headquarters Around the US as of 1940.png



The project has received widespread support including Fort Worth and Texas chapters of the NAACP, Congressman Marc Veasey (D-TX), National Trust for Historic Preservation, City of Fort Worth leadership, local clergy, local arts organizations, faculty from Texas Christian University and the University of Texas-Arlington, President of Minnesota College of Art and Design, Curator of Jewish Museum of Milwaukee, and the International Coalition for Sites of Conscience, of which we are a member.


In October 2021, Transform 1012 received Urban Land Institute of Dallas-Fort Worth’s 2021 Next Big Idea Award, recognizing innovative ideas that can positively impact the region’s quality of life.


Project support comes from Rainwater Charitable Foundation; Atmos Energy, as part of their Fueling Safe and Thriving Communities initiative 2022 & 2023; Tecovas Foundation; The Ford Foundation 2022 & 2023; North Texas Community Foundation, Fund to Advance Racial Equity; Congressional Community Project Funding 2022 & 2023; MASS Design Group, Catalyst Grant; Mellon Foundation; National Endowment for the Arts 2022 & 2023; Turning Point Foundation; Ben E. Keith Foundation; as well as over 100 individual donors. If you would like to contribute, please visit our Donate page.


In 1924, construction began on Ku Klux Klan Klavern No. 101’s Auditorium as a monument to hate and terror. Then—as well as now—members of targeted cultural groups needed to pass the building to access the North Side and surrounding areas when traveling to and from downtown Fort Worth.

The building was a daily reminder of power and politics; the looming edifice was yet another form of policing behavior, movement, culture, and proving again how architecture is capable of violence.




Ku Klux Klan Klavern No. 101

rebuilds the damaged building with five tall windows on the front facade and a scenery fly loft in the rear for theatrical performances, including racist, sexist, and anti-immigrant minstrel shows.


The cornerstone is laid for Ku Klux Klan Klavern No 101’s Auditorium (then known as 1006 N. Main Street). The building was designed by Earl Glasgow and destroyed by fire when it was either bombed or suffered an electrical fire.


The building was sold to Leonard Brothers Department Store. By 1929 it was called North Main Street Auditorium and used as a dance marathon venue, concert hall, and a wrestling arena.

Purchased by  Ellis Pecan Company in 1946 for warehouse space for shelling pecans.


Ellis Pecan Company vacates the building. The property has remained abandoned since then.


The building was purchased
by Sugarplum Holdings, L.P.,
a group of private investors,
it was intended to be used
as the rehearsal studios for
Texas Ballet Theatre.


Transform 1012 N. Main Street acquired the building through a significant donation from the former owners and a generous grant from the Rainwater Charitable Foundation.

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